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Disruptions of Pipelined Gasoline from the U.S. Gulf Coast to the Atlantic Coast

  • On May 21, 2024, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) announced sales from the NGSR; they are to take place from May 27th through June 30th. The rationale is “strategically timed and structured to maximize its impact on gasoline prices, helping to lower prices at the pump as Americans hit the road this summer.”


  • On May 22, 2024, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) announced the forecast for the 2024 Hurricane Season that begins June 1 and continues through November 30. This year’s forecast is the most severe that has yet been made, anticipating that there will be between 17 and 25 named storms. Of these, 8 to 13 will be hurricanes with winds exceeding 74 mph. The period from August through September is generally the more intense part of the season.


  • Gasoline prices are elevated during spring because of a confluence of events, notably the shift from winter to summer grades, with the latter being more costly to produce. Using reserves, notably the NGSR in this case, possibly reduces pump prices a small amount; but it is important to maintain focus on the need to manage risk and be prepared for events similar to the 2012 Super Storm Sandy disruptions.

2024 Charts

  1. Disruptions of Pipelined Gasoline from the U.S. Gulf Coast to the Atlantic Coast

  2. U.S. Gulf Coast Refineries Continuing Reliance on Medium and Heavy Sour Crude Oil Imports
  3. Understanding the Scale Challenge: IEA’s Electricity Generation Outlooks for 2050
  4. Vehicle Depreciation: EVs vs. Others
  5. EPA’s Power Plant Rule, Declining U.S. Electricity Generating Capacity, and Growing Power Demand

  6. U.S. Natural Gas Production by Producing Region and State, and the Contribution of Oil and Gas Extraction to These States’ GDP

  7. U.S. Crude Oil & Product Imports from Russia and Venezuela Under Shifting Sanctions Regimes

  8. U.S. Insular Territories and The Energy Transition: A Summary View

  9. Ukrainian Strikes on Russian Refineries and Global and U.S. Product Markets

  10. ESG Assets Under Management (AUM): Global and U.S. Perspectives

  11. Massachusetts: Electrification Challenges in Response to Recent Legislation and Rules
  12. Russian Pipeline Crude Oil Exports to Central Europe: Who is Complying with the Sanctions?

  13. EPA’s Proposed Grid Performance Standards and Their Impact on MISO’s Electricity Grid

  14. Crude Prices Rising Amidst Disruption of Red Sea Tanker Traffic
  15. Global Data Center and Crypto Mining – A Comparative View – Part 2
  16. U.S. LNG Revisited
  17. Global Data Centers, Transmission Networks, and Crypto Mining – Part 1
  18. U.S. Residential Heating by County

  19. Potential Unintended Consequences of U.S. Natural Gas Production Curtailments

  20. Number of U.S. Housing Units by Heating Fuel – 1940 to 2022: California, Texas, New York State

  21. Number of U.S. Housing Units by Heating Fuel: 1940 to 2022

2023 Charts

  1. Revisiting European Pre-Winter Natural Gas Storage Builds: 2022 vs 2023

  2. Exxon Mobil / Pioneer and Chevron / Hess Mergers in the Context of Global Liquid Fuels Production

  3. U.S. CO2 Emissions from Hydrocarbon Fuel Consumption

  4. Natural Gas Trade Lowers U.S. Trade Deficit – Revised

  5. Global Net Coal Power Plant Capacity Since the Paris Agreement

  6. European Natural Gas Imports and Storage Ahead Of Winter 2023-2024

  7. European Receipts of U.S. LNG Exports By Destination – Revisited

  8. The Italian Duck Curve: Evolution of Italy’s August Electricity

  9. U.S. Crude Oil Import Dependence
    and Potential Vulnerability

  10. Running on Empty Revisited: U.S. Strategic Petroleum Reserve Continues to Decline to Historic Lows

  11. Seeking Price Relief Through SPR Sales – (Revisited 2)

  12. LNG (Liquefied Natural Gas) Trade Lowers U.S. Trade Deficit

  13. Rising U.S. Transportation Fuel Prices

  14. The Spanish Duck Curve: Evolution of Spain’s August Electricity Generation Resource Mix — 2019-2023

  15. European Energy Security as Measured by Affordability
  16. Net Oil Contributions From the Americas
  17. U.S. Energy Security As Measured by Affordability
  18. U.S. Energy Security as Measured by Import Dependency
  19. U.S. Energy Security as Measured by Efficiency
  20. U.S. Crude Oil Production – Potential Headwinds
  21. The Renewable Diesel Margin– Post-2023 RFS RVO Set Rule

  22. EU (plus Norway and the U.K.) National Fiscal Policy Responses to the Energy Crisis: September 2021 to January 2023

  23. EV Electricity Requirements and EPA’s Challenging Rules

  24. June 2023 Texas Heat Wave and ERCOT Generation

  25. Impact from Canadian Wildfire Smoke On Solar Generation in the Northeastern U.S.

  26. Calculating The Renewable Diesel Margin

  27. Estimating U.S. Biodiesel Costs
  28. Global CO₂ Emissions: What If Only OECD Goes Net Zero by 2050?
  29. Comparing CO2 Emissions per 100 Miles Based on Energy Mix: Gasoline-Powered (ICE – Internal Combustion Engines) vs Battery Electric Vehicles (BEVs)
  30. Dallas Fed Survey: U.S. Crude Oil Production Costs Are Rising
  31. April in Sacramento: More Solar Generation in California Requires More Natural Gas Generation
  32. Western European Near-Term Natural Gas Requirements
  33. U.S. Crude Oil Production by States/Region: LegacyProducers vs Shale/Offshore – the 40-Year View
  34. Canadian Provincial Oil & Natural Gas Production, Related Consumption and Exports
  35. After Extensive Deliberation the National Petroleum Reserve-Alaska (NPR-A) Willow Project Is Set To Yield Revenue for Both the State and the Federal Government
  36. Illinois CO2Emissions from Electricity Production
  37. Crude Oil Production: OPEC Members and U.S. States – How Do They Rank?
  38. Ambition vs. Reality: Share of Renewables in U.S. Primary Energy Demand
  39. Who Emits Most and Least per Dollar of GDP?
  40. Daily Natural Gas Receipts: Jan 2021 to Feb 2023 on the Anniversary of Russia’s Escalation
  41. Lithium – An Upstream View
  42. EU Crude Oil Trade: Shifts due to Russia’s War
  43. ERCOT: Freezin’ Down in Texas – Mid-Winter 2022-2023 Generation Mix, Shortfalls, and Refinery Utilization
  44. Natural Gas Storage Mid-Winter 2022-2023 in the Northern Latitudes
  45. Comparing California Solar Generation During the 2022-2023 Pineapple Express
  46. U.S. SPR 2022 Emergency Sales by Purchaser Type
  47. Revisited: Near- and Short-Term Financial Returns of Green and Legacy Energy Investments vs Key S&P Benchmarks
  48. U.S. Liquid Fuel and Feedstock Rail Movements: Select View

2022 Charts

  1. Russian Seaborne Crude Oil Exports and the Price Cap Mechanism

  2. The RFS: Do D6 RIN Prices Impact Corn Prices? A Simple Regression Analysis

  3. EU’s Industrial Competitiveness Hinges on Natural Gas

  4. Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) Demand Shift and Diversions from China to Europe

  5. Resiliency of Crude Oil Production in the Permian Basin

  6. Revisited: Overview of Tight Distillate Markets

  7. New England Winter Electricity Generation Mix

  8. China Runs on Coal: From Deng to Xi

  9. Europe – Daily Natural Gas Receipts During 2022

  10. U.K.’s Electricity Generation Mix: Some Considerations

  11. Running on Empty: U.S. Strategic Petroleum ReserveNow at Historic Lows

  12. Germany’s Energiewende: Some Considerations

  13. Vast Majority of World Will Need More Energy

  14. Revisiting California Retail Gasoline Prices vs. the U.S.

  15. Calculating Foregone Tax Revenues per MMBTU of U.S. Primary Energy Production

  16. GHG Impact of Inflation Reduction Act & Bipartisan Infrastructure Law

  17. Natural Gas Storage Ahead of Winter 2022-2023

  18. U.S. Crude Oil Production: New EIA Data Reveals Shortfalls

  19. 2022 Mid-Summer Electricity Generation: California & Texas

  20. Europe – Recently Reported Monthly Natural Gas Receipts

  21. New York State CO2Emissions From Hydrocarbon Fuels

  22. 2022 Mid-Summer Retail Transportation Fuel Prices

  23. Natural Gas and Global Food Production

  24. Implied Tesla Battery Production Costs

  25. U.S. LNG Exports: Recent Trends

  26. California Summer Hydroelectric Power Shortfall is Projected

  27. Near- and Short-Term Financial Returns of Green and Legacy Energy Investments vs Key S&P Benchmarks

  28. Expected U.S. LNG Capacity: Then (2017) and Now (2022)

  29. Overview of Tight Global Distillate Markets

  30. The North American Hydrocarbon Production Platform: Fueling the Americas, Generating Trade

  31. Snapshot of Canadian Crude Oil, Petroleum Products, and Natural Gas Supply/Demand Balances

  32. Energy Value of Ethanol vs Gasoline

  33. U.S. Gasoline Sales vs. Vehicle Miles Traveled

  34. Seeking Gasoline Price Relief Through Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) Sales

  35. U.S. Motor Vehicle Pollution Reduction Progress since 1970

  36. Federal Onshore Leases – Exploration & Potential Production Timeline

  37. European LNG Import Volumes & Capacity

  38. Are GazProm’s Natural Gas Volumes Increasing Through Ukraine and Slovakia as Some Claim?

  39. The Renewable Fuel Standard and Gasoline Prices

  40. U.S. Consumer Energy Expenditures as a Percentage of Disposable Income

  41. Winter of 2021-2022: Natural Gas Inventories in the Northern Latitudes – Mid-Season Update

  42. Foregone Tax Revenues from U.S. Biodiesel Tax Credits

  43. Onshore vs Offshore U.S. Royalties from Oil & Natural Gas Production

  44. Foregone Tax Revenues from U.S. Fossil Fuel Programs

  45. China Surpasses Japan in LNG Imports

2021 Charts

  1. Foregone Tax Revenues from U.S. Plug-in Electric Vehicle Tax Credits

  2. Foregone Tax Revenues from U.S. Federal Renewable Electricity Investment Credits

  3. Foregone Tax Revenues from U.S. Federal Renewable Electricity Production Credits

  4. Seeking Gasoline Price Relief Through Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) Sales

  5. Natural Gas Inventories Ahead of Winter in the Northern Latitudes 2021-2022

  6. Lithium and U.S. Motor Vehicle Considerations

  7. Fertilizer: Where Natural Gas and Agriculture Meet

  8. Long-Term Underinvestment in Upstream Oil & Gas Production Foreshadows High Prices as Global Demand Returns

  9. Fast Charging Electric Vehicle (EV) Stations: Some Considerations

  10. High-Level Analysis of the Contribution of US Shale Gas to European Gas Prices and Savings

  11. Incremental Growth in Global Natural Gas Production Since 2010

  12. Select Residential Electricity Prices: US and Europe

  13. With High LNG Benchmark Prices, Some Asian Electricity Producers Are Considering Alternative Fuels

  14. Natural Gas Prices are Signaling Tight Energy Markets Ahead of Winter

  15. California Retail Gasoline Prices vs the U.S.

  16. Fire at PEMEX’s Ku-Maloob-Zaap Halts Oil Output Temporarily

  17. Total U.S. Annual Potential Solar Electricity Generation

  18. Access to Electricity in Africa

  19. Can California Meet Its Aggressive Fossil Fuel GHG Reduction Targets?

  20. Mexico’s and PEMEX’s Estimated Revenue from the Talos-Led Development of Zama: Proceeds Through 2040

  21. Gasoline Demand Forecasting: The Challenges of Getting It Right

  22. Incremental Growth in Global Oil Production Since 2010

  23. U.S. Energy Debt Market: A Look at High-Yield Bonds

  24. The Arctic National Wildlife Refuge Crude Oil Potential: An NPV Assessment

  25. U.S. Energy Debt Market Snapshot

  26. Can the California Electricity Grid Immediately Switch to an All EV Fleet?

  27. UK Electricity Capacity vs Electricity Generation

  28. Emissions from Bitcoin Mining

  29. U.S. Atlantic Coast is Dependent on Gulf Coast and MidContinent Petroleum Product Supplies

  30. Biofuel Mandates are Adding to Gasoline Prices

  31. Competition in U.S. Oil & Gas Upstream Development Yields Substantial Revenue to State Governments – The Case of Wyoming

  32. Can the U.S. Electricity Grid Immediately Switch to an All-EV Fleet?

  33. With Global Oil Demand on the Rebound, What About Supply?

  34. “India Is Getting It Done”

  35. LNG Suez Canal Traffic in Perspective

  36. Competition in U.S. Oil & Gas Upstream Development Yields Substantial Revenue to State Governments

  37. Changes to Mexico’s Planned Electricity Capacity Additions pre/post AMLO

  38. “Freezin’ Down in Texas, All the Refineries Are Down”

  39. China Runs on Coal

  40. U.S. Net Imports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products